Chloroquine resistance areas

Discussion in 'Canada Pharmacy' started by shiny, 03-Mar-2020.

  1. imposer Moderator

    Chloroquine resistance areas


    ANSWER Chloroquine-resistant malaria is exactly what it sounds like—particular types of malaria which are not cured by treatment with chloroquine. Chloroquine was first discovered in the 1930s in Germany and began to be widely used as an anti-malaria post-World War II, in the late 1940s.

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    Chloroquine resistance was demonstrated for the first time in semi-immune Tanzanians in 1982. 11 The following year, a chloroquine resistance rate of 34% was reported among a Zanzibar school population. 12 Studies conducted between 19 in various areas of the country indicated that the median in vivo resistance rate in school children. DRUG RESISTANT MALARIA Chloroquine resistance Chloroquine is ineffective in almost all malaria endemic countries In India chloroquine resistance was first detected in 1973 in Assam. Severe in northeast and southeastern regions of India with high morbidity and mortality. The geographical distributions and rates of spread have varied considerably. P. vivax has developed resistance rapidly to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in many areas. Chloroquine resistance is confined largely to Indonesia, East Timor, Papua New Guinea and other parts of Oceania.

    Since then, resistance has spread rapidly (since obviously it is beneficial to the parasite to be resistant, so various mutations conferring this protection have arisen multiple times in different areas in the world and also been passed on preferentially to new generations of malaria parasites), and now chloroquine resistant are found in multiple locations in south-east Asia, such as Myanmar and India, as well as from Guyana in South America. However, resistance to the drug also rapidly emerged, with the first cases of not being cured by administration of chloroquine being reported in the 1950s.

    Chloroquine resistance areas

    Chloroquine-Resistant Malaria The Journal of Infectious Diseases., DRUG RESISTANT MALARIA CURRENT STATUS

  2. Hydroxychloroquin and garcinia
  3. Chloroquine resistance is widespread. Chloroquine should not be used for treatment of P. falciparum infections from areas of chloroquine resistance or malaria occurring in patients where chloroquine prophylaxis has failed. Patients infected with a resistant strains of plasmodia should be treated with another antimalarial drug.

    • Aralen chloroquine Malaria Drug Side Effects & Dosage.
    • Chloroquine C18H26ClN3 - PubChem.
    • Chloroquine resistant Plasmodium vivax review Worldwide..

    Chloroquine phosphate tablets are indicated for the Treatment of uncomplicated malaria due to susceptible strains of P. falciparum, P.malariae, P. ovale, and P.vivax. Prophylaxis of malaria in geographic areas where resistance to Chloroquine is not present. Treatment of extraintestinal amebiasis. Chloroquine is used for the prophylaxis of malaria in areas of the world where the risk of chloroquine-resistant falciparum malaria is still low. It is also used with proguanil when chloroquine-resistant falciparum malaria is present. However, this combination may not be ideal. Chloroquine is the drug of choice for travel to areas where chloroquine resistance has not been described. Chloroquine is active against the erythrocytic forms Fig. 6.3 of sensitive strains of all species of malaria, and it is also gametocidal against P. vivax, P. malariae, and P. ovale.

     
  4. dimkins User

    Interferes with digestive vacuole function within sensitive malarial parasites by increasing the p H and interfering with lysosomal degradation of hemoglobin; inhibits locomotion of neutrophils and chemotaxis of eosinophils; impairs complement-dependent antigen-antibody reactions Incomplete and variable (~70% [range: 25 to 100%]) (Tett 1993) Hepatic; metabolites include bidesethylchloroquine, desethylhydroxychloroquine, and desethylchloroquine (Mc Chesney 1966) Urine (15% to 25% [Tett 1993]; as metabolites and unchanged drug [up to 60%, Mc Chesney 1966]); may be enhanced by urinary acidification Rheumatic disease: May require several weeks to respond ~40 days (Tett 1993) ~40%, primarily albumin (Tett 1993) Lupus erythematosus: Treatment of chronic discoid erythematosus and systemic lupus erythematosus in adults. Hydroxychloroquine - an overview ScienceDirect Topics Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Side Effects & Dosage for. Plaquenil Uses, Dosage & Side Effects -
     
  5. Back Door Man New Member

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  6. MagiUnicum Well-Known Member

    Plaquenil Oral Interactions with Other Medication Does Plaquenil Interact with other Medications? Severe Interactions. These medications are not usually taken together. Consult your healthcare professional e.g. doctor or pharmacist for more in.

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  7. article12 New Member

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